What’s “Changing”: Interbank Lending, Interest Rates and Inflation?

We sometimes find Bill Holter’s work at JSmineset.com a bit over the top. However this article gives a good summary of the implications of changes in interbank lending, rising interest rates, inflation and velocity of money. It also ties in nicely with an article we published earlier on the same topics: Gold: The Ultimate Iron Lady

So you should definitely check it out…


Something is Definitely “Changing” But What is it?

Originally published at Miles Franklin

Markets around the world are convulsing which is definitely different than anything we have seen in over a year. We also know that interest rates are going higher all over the world. In fact, if you look at rates going back to 1981, the downtrend line(s) has been broken and thus a very major change. Generational trades and 37 year trend lines are rare on their own, when they finally break it means something very big has changed and you must do your very best at trying to figure out “what” it is.

Let’s take a look at two charts that might help, one of interbank lending in the U.S. and also at “velocity”. These are both very important and I would suggest they are both connected by something called “trust”. First, interbank lending absolutely collapsed out of nowhere at the end of the year. If you look closely below, interbank lending has dropped back to only $13 billion or the same level it was all the back to pre 1973-74 recession levels!

You can follow along and see how lending amongst banks generally inflated all the way up until 2006-2008 until it crashed. This happened because banks did not “trust” each other. From there, the lending tapered off until the recent nearly zeroing out of interbank lending. I would suggest since 2009, the amount of lending steadily decreased and never increased as banks “knew” other banks did not have strong balance sheets (maybe because they knew the reality of their own balance sheet?). In any case, there can be only two reasons for lending to collapse like is has. Either there is no need for money (credit) OR banks do not trust each other? I would highly suggest it is the latter.

Chart of interbank lending

Next, let’s look at velocity. After eight years or so, it finally looks like there is a hook forming and velocity may just be turning up? Zerohedge did an article on this with a good explanation last week

Chart of velocity of money bottoming out

So “what” does velocity turning up mean and why is it important if it is? This topic could be an entire book and a lot depends on “where” in the credit cycle it turns up from. Without doubt, we are at the end of both a cyclical and the secular credit cycle. You see, once debt became too prevalent in 2000, and even worse in 2007, it became over bearing and we hit what I have termed “credit saturation” levels. Rates had to be lowered (even to negative levels) to prevent a domino collapse cause by the inability to service.

But then more “medicine” (debt) was applied and velocity turned down again after only a brief uptick. Velocity turned down again after each of the last two reflation attempts, only it never really bounced the last time. This is because the high levels of debt ate up much discretionary earnings and it felt “tight”. The feeling of tightness (or feeling of lack of money on the streets) led many to pull in their horns so to speak. If velocity is truly turning up here (I believe it will go vertical at some point), it will be for ALL THE WRONG REASONS!

Let’s see how these all tie together and why I bolded the phrase “all the wrong reasons”? In one word, “inflation”, but let me explain. Oversimplifying, inflation of say 4% will not allow credit markets to function at rates under that because no one (except central banks) will lock money up at a lower rate than the currency is debasing. Thus, higher inflation means higher yields and lower bond prices. The problem? Debt (bonds) have become the “foundation” to everything financial …INCLUDING currencies themselves!

This is where velocity comes in… If investors believe inflation and thus rates are going higher (in an over levered world), fear will set in. Fear of EVERYTHING financial becoming worth less because they are all “discounted” versus interest rates. Also, and probably more important, fear of loss via “bankruptcy” whether by issuer or counterparty. Additionally, higher rates means no more ability to refinance or to “roll over” debt”. Remember, all currencies are debt based …so inflation/fear will be exhibited not only in the sale of bonds (and to a lesser extent equities) but also the currency in a “hot potato” fashion. In other words, the dollar’s velocity will turn sharply higher as people finally “spend” them to GET OUT OF THEM!

To finish, I would ask, is inflation what the banks saw coming and decided to flatten their books with counterparties? Did they see massive U.S. Treasury borrowing needs and figure out the only player with that kind of buying power is the Federal Reserve who has claimed they would taper and actually are to a small extent? Do they see outright monetization necessary and in the wings? Are the banks front running the Chinese trading for oil with yuan …and thus knocking some serious demand out from under the dollar?

Folks, the money has already been created and the debt already put in place which is kindling wood for inflation. In the old days when money was gold, we would be set up (versus gold backed currencies) for the greatest DEFLATION of all time. Because gold as “money” has been replaced by manmade debt and currency, the result will again be a deflation but in difference sorts. The deflation will be in currency and credit versus gold … it will look and feel like HYPERINFLATION to those holding the dying debt and currencies. Assets that have derived their value from investors borrowing to purchase will all deflate against gold …while very possibly (probably) still inflating versus a dying dollar and other fiats. Look at it as a totem pole of deflation. Gold at top and EVERYTHING deflates (resets) against it with the dollar (currencies at the bottom. Currencies will lose THE most value (along with fixed income) and are at the bottom of the totem pole …so “real stuff” will inflate against the currencies.

When all is said and done, we are soon to have the biggest deflation of all time versus gold …but it will “feel” like hyperinflation to the vast masses who do not hold gold! Fiscal insanity and monetary lunacy have reached their limits. They will and are “trying” for one last hurrah www.mcclatchydc.com, by borrowing their way to another reflation …GOOD LUCK WITH THAT!

For more on this topic check out: Is Inflation Going to Surprise Us?

Standing the “re set” watch,
Bill Holter
Holter-Sinclair collaboration

2 thoughts on “What’s “Changing”: Interbank Lending, Interest Rates and Inflation?

  1. Glenn says:

    Hi Ben, Thanks for your feedback. We wouldn’t say we agree with Peter Schiff on everything, but he has done some good work for sure. What views in particular were you talking about?

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